A Season of Snakes

Garter in March

This growing season has been marked by snakes in the garden, since the very first warm day with snakes above ground in March.
Two humorous garter snake episodes followed with snakes in close quarters.
The first was me shuffling my feet while trudging to the compost pile. My toe caught what I assumed was a stick and flipped it into the air. My brain said “how strange, that stick’s rubbery.” Then it landed and took off in a squiggle pattern for the woods. Oops!

The second was determination to finally plant the Monarda that had been languishing in containers for two or more seasons. I hauled several pots to the back of the border to plant them where they would receive plenty of morning sun. After planting the first and second pot and digging the hole for a third one, I looked back to see a beautiful garter snake emerging out of the clump I had just planted! Her tail was still hidden inside the plant. I looked at her and she looked at me. She seemed to say “did you just do what I think you did?”

Both of these episodes had me laughing out loud and feeling a peculiar camaraderie with a reptile species that used to give me the willies.

Finally, today, I nearly repositioned a potted perennial grass on top of something that looked strange at the last second. I thought it might be a piece of metal like a spring lying out in the garden which didn’t make sense. On closer inspection I discovered a young Eastern Milk Snake nestled under leaves. A small portion of his beautiful pattern was showing. I had never seen this type of snake and thought it might be a Michigan (Massasauga) Rattler.

My husband was brave enough to gently pull away the leaves. The snake was small but fierce and repeatedly lunged and bit at the leaves he moved and the twig he was using. It did not coil or rattle. Still, we tried not to touch it while we took some photos.

An online identification search convinced me that this snake is an Eastern Milk Snake. They eat insects and amphibians, but they love to eat rodents. (We have plenty of mice, chipmunks and ground squirrels.) Eastern Milk Snakes are not venomous, which puts my mind at ease.

Eastern Milk Snake

Hops Henge

Hops Henge My husband, Eric and his friends began brewing their own beer a little over a year ago. They’ve enjoyed success with a variety of recipes.

This year, I decided to give Eric hops plants to grow in the garden as a birthday gift. Hops vines grow quite tall and require trellising. A tall trellis covered in leafy vines will provide a lush backdrop for our pond garden. The vines will grow up the right and left sides leaving the center opening as an arbor to walk through. We spent this afternoon outrunning a thunderstorm to install “Hops Henge” a trellis in our backyard consisting of 6″ x 8″ salvaged timbers donated by a generous neighbor and 10′ long split rails attached vertically with repurposed gazebo struts between them. The stormy weather hit just after we put the things up, so we have yet to train the vines up the strings. We have two varieties of hops as pictured below.


Nugget Hops gives traditional bitter flavor notes to beer

Nugget Hops gives traditional bitter flavor notes to beer



Bianca is an aromatic golden-leaved variety

Bianca is an aromatic golden-leaved variety


Sad news from the fish pond

I am sorry to report that many of our goldfish died this winter. The heavy snows, high winds and polar vortex combined have taken a significant toll on our aquatic life.

The pond heater did it’s best to keep some water open under the canopy that shelters the unit from wind. Extremely cold temperatures created thick ice. Persistent high winds filled in the pond basin with deep snow restricting air flow.

Most of our larger fish and one unfortunate frog have fed the crows. Some had been our friends for many seasons. We will miss them.

At least one sizable fish is still alive. This gives me hope that others may also remain along with their smaller kindred.

We will wait with hope until the weather warms enough to remove the heater and de-muck the basin.

Wild Grapes and Wildlife: January Update

Newly bottled  Pandora Pyment

Newly bottled
Pandora Pyment

Eric and I have been experimenting with mead-making for about a year now. Our first two batches were encouraging, so we decided to use these grapes to make a “Pyment” or mead/wine hybrid.

We meticulously separated the grape clusters and then squeezed over 3 quarts of juice out of the grapes. We added wildflower honey from a local apiary and some champagne yeast and hoped for the best. Our primary fermentation went well as did the second phase. We recently bottled the pyment, and I added the labels just a couple of days ago.

The moth depicted on the label is the adult stage of the species of caterpillar pictured below. We named our drink “Pandora Pyment” in honor of the spectacular bug that we found on the grape vines. Now we just have to wait 4-6 more months before the pyment is finished and ready to taste!


Grapes on the vines

Mid September is a perfect time to find wild grapes ripening on the vines. As Aesop’s fables indicate, the best ones are just out of reach!

After breakfast, Eric and I took a stroll down a neighboring hillside where wild grapes grow at the edge of the woods. Eric chuckled at me as I optimistically took along a three gallon bucket.

The grape vines at the top of the hill had no fruit so we continued on down the slope which ends with a lake at the bottom. Soon we started to find bunches of grapes on the vines and look what else we found!

Eumorpha pandorus caterpillar

This amazing bug will transform into a beautiful green and brown pandora sphinx moth.

This enormous brown caterpillar with white spots is the larvae of Eumorpha pandorus, the pandora sphinx moth. Grape vines are the favorite food of this creature. We marveled and took photos.

Grapes in Bucket

Our morning walk rewarded us with more than exercise!
Wild grapes are among the richest flavors
to savor in early Fall.

As we continued on our foraging we found more and choicer grape clusters the further downhill we went. By the time we got to the water’s edge we had a nearly full bucket. It pays to be optimistic! We will process the fruit into something delicious and revel in the rich autumn flavor of wild grapes.

Veggies Incognito


The sunflowers are blooming at the back of the veggie patch. This one is a Mammoth Russian Sunflower grown from seed and now 10 feet tall! You’d never expect it to blend into the background.

Integrated Veggies

The veggie patch often overflows its boundaries into the adjacent flower bed. The photo here shows cucumber vines rambling over artemisia and rudbeckia plants. The interplay of textures and colors is visually appealing, and the chicken wire support trellis is completely hidden in the foliage!

Veggies BeyondCan you find the sunflower pictured in the first photo? Do you know where the cucumbers are hidden? Integrating vegetable plants with ornamentals creates a soft transition between the veggie patch and the surrounding landscape.

Peaches N Cream Pie

Peaches N Cream Pie

‘Tis the season for Peaches!

This is the very first year I have harvested peaches from trees in my yard that sprouted from pits! It’s taken 6 or more years for them to grow big enough to bear fruit.

The pie pictured was made from several of the peaches off of those trees plus a few purchased to round out the recipe. Delicious!

Peach trees bloom a beautiful bubblegum pink. This year we had a mild spring with no late freezes, so the buds survived. Also, rainfall this summer has been fairly regular. The trees did not suffer from drought, so the fruit was able to mature normally.

I hope to bake more home grown peach pies in the years to come.


Peaches and Cream Pie involves a whipping cream sauce that is poured over the peach slices before baking. The sauce fills in all the spaces between the peaches and makes for a very satisfying pie.

Peaches and Cream Pie will not “set up” until it is chilled overnight. Impatient bakers may decide to serve the pie over ice cream as it can be quite runny when hot out of the oven.  Refrigeration is important for this pie! Place the pie or whatever remains of it in the refrigerator as soon as it cools. It is delicious served hot or cold.

This pie is not particularly sweet if made with fresh peaches – it only contains 1/3 cup sugar. It is much sweeter if made with thawed home-frozen peaches that contain their own syrup. I usually drain off the syrup from the frozen peaches and set it aside for use as an ingredient in fruit smoothies or as a topping for French toast. This pie can also be made with a few blueberries tossed on to add color and additional flavor.

The Skyridge Wildlife Garden Project

sign and garden

Finished planting

The Skyridge Wildlife Garden Project

This season’s gardening effort has featured the Skyridge Wildlife Garden Project. I have been part of the project from helping to write a grant proposal last summer to a whirlwind of planting activity through the months of June and July! Skyridge Wildlife Garden is a native plant garden located at Skyridge Church of the Brethren in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The garden area is the basin of a storm water detention area and the surrounding slopes. My fellow volunteers and I have installed over 40 varieties of native plants to help support native pollinators and other area wildlife! Click on the link in yellow text above to view the Skyridge Wildlife Garden website.

August Harvests

August Harvests

August brings a rainbow of foods to harvest from the veggie patch. Cucumbers are coming in abundance. I grow salad varieties perfect for eating fresh. Many will still find their way into home made pickles as they produce faster than I can keep up!
This year, I have planted two varieties of summer squash: Early straight-neck yellow and one called “Gold Rush” which I have not tried before. They are both delicious grilled, chopped and added to pasta sauces or baked into ratatouille – a favorite late summer casserole. The eggplants go into ratatouille also. Alternatively, they can be basted with olive oil and broiled, or baked into eggplant parmesan and moussaka.

Our People’s Garden Sign

Our People's Garden Sign

Skyridge Wildlife Garden is a registered garden with the USDA’s People’s Garden Initiative. The People’s Garden supports garden projects that benefit their communities either by creating recreational space, providing food harvests for donation to local charities or supporting wildlife species with native plants and sustainable practices. Learn more about this program by clicking on the photo to follow the link.

Battling Invasive Weeds


April is here and so it is time to run around the yard and see what’s growing and waking up after the long Michigan winter! Of course, some of the plants poised to get a jump on the season are WEEDS!

Many gardeners I know struggle each season with invasive weeds that spread like crazy. Some invasives are biennials, meaning that they overwinter in an immature state and take up to two years to complete their life cycle. Invasive weeds usually succeed by making hundreds if not thousands of seeds per plant. If even a few of these seeds sprout and grow, you are guaranteed another crop of weeds the next season!

Garlic Mustard, Dame’s Rocket, and Spotted Knap-weed are all problems in my own yard. Most of us know what these look like when they are blooming, but the best time to deal with them is before that happens! Some plants like a garlic mustard that’s already blooming, can continue to make viable seeds even after they are pulled out of the ground!

Here are a few photos of the usual suspects in their pre-bloom stage. Take a close look at the photos and tour your garden and the edges of your yard to see if you find them.

Spotted Knap-weedBlooms like a small lavender thistle flower in mid-summer

Spotted Knap-weed
Blooms like a small lavender thistle flower in mid-summer

Garlic MustardNote the frilly leaf edges and   prominent vein structure. This weed is sometimes confused with violets before it bolts to bloom. If you have violets, leave them be. They belong here in Michigan.

Garlic Mustard
Note the frilly leaf edges and prominent vein structure. Blooms in Spring with many white 4-petaled flowers on a stalk. This weed is sometimes confused with violets before it bolts to bloom.

Dame's RocketBlooms pink, white or lavender. Looks a little like phlox, but it has only 4 petals and flowers in Spring.

Dame’s Rocket
Blooms pink, white or lavender. Looks a little like phlox, but it has only 4 petals and flowers in Spring.













If you find these weeds, pull them up making sure to get the whole plant with the roots attached. Then cover the bare spot with mulch or leaf litter to shade the ground and keep dormant weed seeds from sprouting.

Yard waste is not generally allowed in trash pickup bins. However, Michigan has left an opening in this policy for “noxious” weeds. If, on the other hand, you’d prefer to compost your weed matter you have several options:

1. Place the pulled weeds in a black plastic bag. Close it tight and set it in the sun for couple of weeks to “cook” the weeds before dumping the now slimy, stinky weed guck into the compost heap. If it’s not slimy and stinky, it probably hasn’t cooked enough. Add water and let it sit in the sun some more. If it is slimy and stinky, it has anaerobic bacteria in it. Add it to an active compost heap rather than a finished one.

2. Somewhat more pleasant – mix the “green” fresh weed matter with “brown” compost materials like dried leaves or wood chips. If you have enough material for a 5 x 5 x 3 foot pile you can do “hot” composting! Layer the materials alternately and spray them down with the hose. Add a little bit of garden soil or finished compost after each layer to introduce microbes. Cover the whole thing with a tarp and check back in a day or two to see if the pile is warm. Hot composting uses microbial activity to digest the “green”  nitrogen rich material with the “brown” carbon rich material. If your pile has the right balance between moisture, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen, the pile will develop enough heat to kill weed seeds and pathogens. Then you are well on your way to turning noxious weeds into valuable compost!

Here’s hoping you win your weed battles this spring!